AUSTRALIA'S actions to combat climate change are expected to be scrutinised in meetings among developed countries in Germany this week.
The US and China have already submitted questions which challenge Australia's current emissions targets as part of the reviews.
Oxfam Australia's climate change policy advisor Simon Bradshaw said Australia would be among about 20 developed countries inv-olved in a process where nations scrutinise each other's contributions to international climate change action.
The meetings will run from today to June 11.
"This will be an important test of Australia's international credibility on climate change," Dr Bradshaw said.
Australia's review in the German city of Bonn is scheduled for Wednesday evening.In the lead-up to the review, parties including the European Union have also questioned the Australian Government's Emissions Reduction Fund to achieve the targets that will be demanded of Australia.
Brazil has also posed questions to Australia over discrepancies in government reports. The Bonn meeting is one of three formal negotiating sessions leading to a UN climate change conference in Paris later this year.
Dr Bradshaw said governments would work to refine and simplify the draft text of a new international climate agreement, including a goal to reach net zero emissions by mid-century, limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees and strong provisions for supporting poorer countries to develop prosperous low-carbon economies.
Dr Bradshaw called on the Australian Government to support an agreement that delivered for the world's most vulnerable communities.
"In July, Australia is expected to announce its provisional targets for the post-2020 period, when the new agreement is due to take effect," he said.
"Oxfam wants the government to commit to reducing Australia's emissions by at least 40% below 2000 levels by 2025.
"Australia will do great damage to its future prosperity and international standing if we do not shift our focus away from coal and towards building the renewable energy economy of the future."
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